Eating a healthy balanced diet isn’t as restrictive and complicated as many of us think. The basic steps include eating mostly foods coming from plants, such as fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains, and avoiding highly processed foods. If you can follow these steps, then you’ll be in a good place.
Here’s some simple and easy-to-understand balanced diet information that you can use as a guideline for developing healthy eating habits:
- The more the variety, the better.
Not all the substances and nutrients contained in foods have already been identified. In fact, researchers are still discovering a lot of things about different food items which were not known in the past. Thus, it’s safe to eat a wide variety of foods to make sure that you can get all the healthy and nutrients and minerals they have.
- Portions matter.
It’s not always what to eat for a healthy diet that matters; how much you eat is just as important. You can eat as much spinach or broccoli as you want, but if you’re eating foods that are high in calorie, you’ve got to control the portions. Avoid eating or ordering in restaurants meals that are oversized. Always look at the serving sizes in food labels so you would know how much of something you should eat.
- Go for a lot of produce.
Ideally, you should consume at least 2 cups of fruit and 2.5 cups of vegetables each day if you have a 2,000-calorie diet. If your calorie intake is higher, then eat more; if it’s fewer, you should eat less. Make sure you have orange, green, yellow and purple produce because these foods contain huge amounts of fiber and nutrients that can fight off various diseases and even cancer.
- Whole grains are good.
Another way to achieve a healthy balanced diet is to use whole grains, such as oats, barley and wheat. Whole grains include the germ and bran, which means that almost all of the fiber and nutrient contents of the grain remain.
- Have more nuts and fish.
Fatty fish, nuts, vegetable oils and avocados produce healthy unsaturated fats. According to studies, while these foods are high in calories, they do not contribute to weight gain because even a small amount of them can make you satisfied. That’s why experts are quick to mention these food items to those who ask what to eat for a healthy diet.